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Japan Information

Japanese Calendar

Although most people in Japan use, or at least are familiar with, the Western calendar (seireki), the traditional calendar is used for official documents. A conversion chart is provided below.

The traditional Japanese calendar is based on the reign period of the emperor. Each time a different emperor begins to rule, a new counting of the years begins and the period acquires a new name.

 

1989 - Present ~ Heisei Era

Western CalendarJapanese CalendarWestern CalendarJapanese Calendar
2018Heisei 302003Heisei 15
2017Heisei 292002Heisei 14
2016Heisei 282001Heisei 13
2015Heisei 272000Heisei 12
2014Heisei 261999Heisei 11
2013Heisei 251998Heisei 10
2012Heisei 241997Heisei 9
2011Heisei 231996Heisei 8
2010Heisei 221995Heisei 7
2009Heisei 211994Heisei 6
2008Heisei 201993Heisei 5
2007Heisei 191992Heisei 4
2006Heisei 181991Heisei 3
2005Heisei 171990Heisei 2
2004Heisei 161989Heisei 1 / Showa 64

 

1926 - 1989 ~ Showa Era

Western CalendarJapanese CalendarWestern CalendarJapanese Calendar
1989Showa 64 / Heisei 11957Showa 32
1988Showa 631956Showa 31
1987Showa 621955Showa 30
1986Showa 611954Showa 29
1985Showa 601953Showa 28
1984Showa 591952Showa 27
1983Showa 581951Showa 26
1982Showa 571950Showa 25
1981Showa 561949Showa 24
1980Showa 551948Showa 23
1979Showa 541947Showa 22
1978Showa 531946Showa 21
1977Showa 521945Showa 20
1976Showa 511944Showa 19
1975Showa 501943Showa 18
1974Showa 491942Showa 17
1973Showa 481941Showa 16
1972Showa 471940Showa 15
1971Showa 461939Showa 14
1970Showa 451938Showa 13
1969Showa 441937Showa 12
1968Showa 431936Showa 11
1967Showa 421935Showa 10
1966Showa 411934Showa 9
1965Showa 401933Showa 8
1964Showa 391932Showa 7
1963Showa 381931Showa 6
1962Showa 371930Showa 5
1961Showa 361929Showa 4
1960Showa 351928Showa 3
1959Showa 341927Showa 2
1958Showa 331926Showa 1 / Taisho 15

 

1912 - 1926 ~ Taisho Era

Western CalendarJapanese CalendarWestern CalendarJapanese Calendar
1926Taisho 15 / Showa 11918Taisho 7
1925Taisho 141917Taisho 6
1924Taisho 131916Taisho 5
1923Taisho 121915Taisho 4
1922Taisho 111914Taisho 3
1921Taisho 101913Taisho 2
1920Taisho 91912Taisho 1
1919Taisho 8